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备考干货,2015考研英语

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  近几年的四级作文题基本上都以须求考生就某种现实处境或意见发布自个儿的见地,内容多是考生所熟谙的社会热点话题或大学生生活难题。写好4级作文有多个关键点:第二,依据英文的抒发习惯来布局撰写结构;第3,用本人深谙的英文词汇、句式和句型正确地写出团结的见解和见解。因而,老师将遵照起承转合的构造布局,为大家详细介绍一下作文中常用的重点涉及词汇、短语、句式及句型,好为我们四级写作提供可行的资料。

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  (一)起

1、开端句型

  2015考研[微博]复试已经在各大高校陆续启幕,很多过初试的考生已经开头了紧张的复试准备,让我们最棒担心的是斯洛伐克语复试的备考。能否博得最终的中标,斯拉维尼亚语复试是2个关键。

  观点(现象性):

1.As far as …is concerned 就……而言

  自作者介绍还是能提前背一背,可一旦抽到1个即兴的话题让大家实行叙述的话,就会有早晚的难度。那里老师就给我们介绍三种展开话题的秘诀,希望大家能够选用上,使和谐的讲话表明更为的原原本本流利有逻辑。

  1. When it comes to…, different people hold different views. Some
argue that…, while others believe that…

二.It goes without saying that… 可想而知,…

  一、因果法

  2. Now people in growing numbers are beginning to believe that…

三.It can be said with certainty that… 能够一定地说……

  因果法是用来解释“为何”的标题。大家得以依照一个结实去演绎其原因,要以事实和证据为根据,前后经过要合乎逻辑和原理。例如:“你为啥报考硕士”?Why
do you choose to take the postgraduate exams?There are several reasons
why i took the postgraduate exams.Firstly, I have been deeply impressed
by the atmosphere here. The second reason is I want to be a social
worker. Thirdly, I think further study is still urgent for me.

  3. Nowadays, it is generally believed that…, but I doubt whether…

四.As the proverb says, 正如谚语所说的,

  常用因果联系词: because of, because, since, seeing that, the reason
why, on account of, due to, thus, hence, therefore, accordingly,
consequently, so that, as a result of, in consequence of, result from,
lead to, so… as to, owing to, to have an effect on, for the reason, in
this way, thanks to等。

  四. As is known to all, …(谚语或名言). A case in point is that…

伍.It has to be noticed that… 它必须注意到,…

  二、定义法

  描述性:

陆.It‘s generally recognized that… 它普遍认为…

  定义法可以用来阐释“是怎么着”的难点,即用一段话来分解表明有个别抽象的概念或具体育赛事物的属性、特征、用途、原理等。例如:What
is honesty? 大家得以用如下格局来实行解说:Honesty means telling the
truth and being fair and upright in action. It is a good virtue. One who
cheats is dishonest. Those who gain fortunes not by hard labor, but by
other means are dishonest.

  1. One of the most serious problems our country is faced with
nowadays is …

柒.It‘s likely that … 这或者是因为…

  常用关联词汇: what is…, to be defined as, the definition of …
is, to be used to describe, this means, be explained, state that, in
other words, namely等。

  2. As we can easily see from the above graph, the figure of …has
nearly decreased/increased …times, compared with…

8.It‘s hardly that… 那是很难的……

  三、例证法

  3. From… to …, great changes have taken place in…

九.It‘s hardly too much to say that… 它大约从不太多的说…

  例证是为了表明主题而存在的。当主题为理论性或概述的论点时,就必要通过举例或例证来加以协助,以说服听者,同时要留心逻辑严密。例如:In
many countries, cigarette is restricted in many ways. For example, in
Britain, cigarettes are not allowed to be advertised on 电视 or radio.

  (二)承

十.What calls for special attention is that…必要尤其注意的是

  例证常用的关联词: for example, for instance, for one thing, for
another, to illustrate, one example is, first, second, furthermore,
besides, in addition, moreover, finally,a case in point, as an
illustration, incidentally, namely等。

  1. 关联词语或重大词汇:

1一.There‘s no denying the fact that…毫无疑问,无可不可以认

  综上说述,报考学士复试时,获得难题后应马上审题,积极思虑,找好切人点,把讲话的框架打好腹稿,那样会使您的论述更具逻辑性。展开的法门便是使用因果法、定义法、例证法等。此外注意把握好音量、语速、语调、停顿,需与考官保持眼神调换,紧紧地抓住对方的集中力。在复试前的关键时代,大家肯定要多锻炼与人沟通的力量。祝我们报考硕士复试顺遂,超过常规发挥,顺遂进入自个儿向往的该校!

  递进:

1二.Nothing is more important than the fact that… 未有怎么比这更主要的是…

  来自:文都教育

  first, second, third…last; firstly, secondly, thirdly… finally; to
begin with, what’s more, in the end; first of all, then, next, moreover,
furthermore…, in the first place, in the second place, last but not
least

壹叁.what‘s far more important is that… 更珍视的是…

  举例:

二、衔接句型

  show, exemplify, illustrate, prove, indicate, exhibit, demonstrate,
for example, for instance, take …as an example, such as, like , a good
case in point

一.A case in point is … 2个超人的例证是…

  因果:

二.As is often the case…出于平常情状下…

  cause, result in, lead to, produce, bring about, contribute to,
based on, because, since, now that, therefore, thus, consequently, owing
to, due to, through, because of, on account of, as a result, as a
consequence

三.As stated in the previous paragraph 如前段所述

  分类:

肆.But the problem is not so simple.Therefore
不过难题并非如此不难,所以……

  arrange in two/three categories, be classified into a number of
groups, fall into the following kinds, be put into several groups,
consist of

五.But it‘s a pity that… 但遗憾的是…

  二. 句型及常用表明结构:

六.For all that…对此那总体…… In spite of the fact that…尽管事实……

  举例:

柒.Further, we hold opinion that… 其它,大家坚韧不拔认为,…

  There are many examples to prove… Here I will cite just a few。

八.However , the difficulty lies in…然则,困难在于…

  There is enough/convincing /sufficient evidence to prove that…

玖.Similarly, we should pay attention to… 同样,大家要专注…

  Just take …as an example。

10.not(that)…but(that)…不是,而是

  The case effectively clarifies the fact that …

1一.In view of the present station。鉴于近年来地势

  Though numerous examples can be given, this/these will be
sufficient。

1二.As has been mentioned above…正如上边所关联的…

  因果:

1三.In this respect, we may as well (say) 从这些角度上大家能够说

  There are several reasons for…

14.However, we have to look at the other side of the coin, that is…
但是小编辈还得看看事物的另一方面,即 …

  The reason why …can be traced to…

3、结尾句型

  The causes for …are as follows…

一.I will conclude by saying… 最后自个儿要说…

  Therefore, we can draw/arrive at/reach/make the following
conclusion…

贰.Therefore, we have the reason to believe that…因而,我们有理由相信…

  There are many causes/reasons for…. Firstly, …, secondly, …,
thirdly,…

三.All things considered,一言以蔽之 It may be safely said
that…它能够有把握地说……

  …also contribute to the reason why…

四.Therefore, in my opinion, it‘s more
advisable…由此,以笔者之见,更可取的是…

  分类:

伍.From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion
that…通过以上研讨,大家能够得出结论…

  …may be classified according to /on the basis of /depending on…

6.The data/statistics/figures lead us to the conclusion
that…通过数据大家获得的下结论是,…

  …may be divided into…

柒.It can be concluded from the discussion
that…从中大家能够汲取那样的下结论

  (三)转

八.From my point of view, it would be better if…以小编之见……可能更加好

  转折:

四、举例句型

  but, however, yet, instead, whereas, otherwise, nevertheless,
unfortunately

1.Let‘s take…to illustrate this。

  They may be right about …, but they seem to neglect the fact that…

2.let‘s take the above chart as an example to illustrate this。

  对比:

3.Here is one more example。

  just as, in comparison, like, similarly, likewise, correspondingly,
similar to, in contrast, on the other hand, on the contrary, unlike

4.Take … for example。

  There are some similarities/differences between…

5.The same is true of…

  We can compare …with …

6.This offers a typical instance of…

  …has something in common with…

7.We may quote a common example of…8.Just think of…

  By contrasting …and…

5、常用来引言段的句型

  …has little common with…

壹.Some people think that … 某些人认为…To be frank, I can not agree with
their opinion for the reasons
below。坦率地说,小编无法同意他们的看法,理由如下。

  Although it is widely accepted that …, it is unlikely to be true
that…

贰.For years, … has been seen as …, but things are quite different
now。多年来,……一直被视为……,但前日的图景有极大的不及。

  (四)合

三.I believe the title statement is valid because…
笔者觉得这一个论点是不易的,因为…

  1. 提到词汇或首要词汇:

4.I cannot entirely agree with the idea that …笔者一筹莫展完全同意这一见解的…
I believe…

  thus, hence, therefore, accordingly, consequently; as a
result/consequence, in conclusion, in general, generally speaking, by
and large, on the whole, in a word, to sum up, in short/brief, briefly
speaking

5.My argument for this view goes as follows。小编对这几个题指标见识如下。

  贰. 句型及常用表明结构:

陆.Along with the development of…, more and more…随着……的上进,愈来愈多…

  From discussions above, we may safely draw the conclusion that…

7.There is a long-running debate as to
whether…有1个长久运维的辩解,是还是不是…

  Only through these measures can we hope to solve the problem。

八.It is commonly/generally/widely/ believed /held/accepted/recognized
that…它1般是觉得…

  Hence, it is imperative for us to take drastic measures to
stop/prevent…

九.As far as I am concerned, I completely agree with the former/ the
latter。就自小编而言,我完全同意前者/后者。

  I believe we can overcome the difficult through great efforts and we
will have a brighter future of…

十.Before giving my opinion, I think it is essential to look at the
argument of both sides。在交付小编的视角以前,作者想有供给看看相互的论证。

  以上那一个语汇、短语和句型对于考生来说都是11分实用的编写素材,希望考生在考前好好复习一下,以便在试验中可见利用熟习。

⑥、表示比较和自己检查自纠的常用句型和表明法

1.A is completely / totally / entirely different from B。

2.A and B are different in some/every way / respect / aspect。

3.A and B differ in…

4.A differs from B in…

5.The difference between A and B is/lies in/exists in…

6.Compared with/In contrast to/Unlike A, B…

7.A…, on the other hand,/in contrast,/while/whereas B…

8.While it is generally believed that A …, I believe B…

9.Despite their similarities, A and B are also different。

10.Both A and B … However, A…; on the other hand, B…

11.The most striking difference is that A…, while B…

7、演绎法常用的句型

一.There are several reasons for…, but in general, they come down to
three major ones。有多少个原因……,但1般,他们得以归纳为四个相当重要的。

二.There are many factors that may account for…, but the following are
the most typical ones。有不计其数要素也许占…,但以下是最典型的。

三.Many ways can contribute to solving this problem, but the following
ones may be most
effective。有为数不少艺术能够缓解那些难题,但下边包车型大巴恐怕是最管用的。

四.Generally, the advantages can be listed as
follows。一般的话,这么些优势能够列举如下。

5.The reasons are as follows。

八、因果推理法常用句型

1.Because/Since we read the book, we have learned a lot。

2.If we read the book, we would learn a lot。

3.We read the book; as a result / therefore / thus / hence /
consequently / for this reason / because of this, we‘ve learned a lot。

4.As a result of /Because of/Due to/Owing to reading the book, we‘ve
learned a lot。由于阅读那本书,大家曾经学到了好多。

5.The cause of/reason for/overweight is eating too much。

6.Overweight is caused by/due to/because of eating too much。

7.The effect/consequence/result of eating too much is overweight。

8.Eating too much causes/results in/leads to overweight。
吃太多导致超重。

玖、段首万能句子

一。关于……人们有两样的视角。壹些人以为……

There are different opinions among people as to ____ 。Some people
suggest that ____。

贰。俗话说(常言道)……,它是大家前辈的经验,可是,尽管在前几天,它在不计其数地方依然适用。

There is an old saying______。It“s the experience of our
forefathers,however,it is correct in many cases even today。

叁。现在,……,它们给大家的经常生活带来了不少伤害。首先,……;其次,……更为倒霉的是……

Today, ____, which have brought a lot of harms in our daily
life.First, ____ Second,____。What makes things worse is
that______。

四。现在,……很宽泛,许四人喜欢……,因为……,别的(而且)……

Nowadays,it is common to ______。Many people like ______
because ______。Besides,______。

五。任何事物都以有两面性,……也不例外。(www.lz壹三.cn)它既有便利的单向,也有不利的一方面。

Everything has two sides and ______ is not an exception,it has
both advantages and disadvantages。

六。关于……人们的眼光各分化,1些人觉着(说)……,在她们看来,……

People‘s opinions about ______ vary from person to person.Some
people say that ______。To them,_____。

7。人类正面临着2个严重的题材……,那个题材变得越发严重。

Man is now facing a big problem ______ which is becoming more and
more serious。

八。……已化作人的关爱的热门话题,特别是在年青人中等,将引发激烈的辩白。

______ has become a hot topic among people,especially among the
young and heated debates are right on their way。

九。……在我们的平常生活中起着越来越首要的效果,它给大家带来了众多利益,但与此同时也抓住部分严重的标题。

______ has been playing an increasingly important role in our
day-to-day life.it has brought us a lot of benefits but has created some
serious problems as well。

10。依据图片/数字/总结数字/表格中的百分比/图表/条形图/成形图可以看来……很明显……,不过怎么吗?

According to the figure/number/statistics/percentages in the /chart/bar
graph/line/graph,it can be seen that______
while.Obviously,______,but why?

10、中间段落万能句子

一。相反,有一部分人同情……,他们相信……,而且,他们以为……

On the contrary,there are some people in favor of ___。At the same
time,they say____。

二。然则,笔者以为那不是赶尽杀绝……的好格局,比如……最不佳的是……

But I don”t think it is a very good way to solve ____。For
example,____。Worst of all,___。

三。……对我们国家的开拓进取和建设是需要的,(也是)相当主要的。首先,……而且……,最关键的是……

______is necessary and important to our country“s development and
construction.First,______。What”s more, _____。Most
important of all,______。

4。有多少个可供大家秉承的点子。首先,大家能够……

There are several measures for us to adopt.First, we can______

5。面临……,我们理应使用1系列一蹴而就的艺术来……1方面……,另1方面,

Confronted with______,we should take a series of effective
measures to______。For one thing,______For
another,______

六。早就应该拿出游动了。比如说……,此外……全数那几个艺术自然会……

It is high time that something was done about it.For
example。_____。In addition。_____。All these measures will
certainly______。

七。为啥……?第三个原因是……;第一个原因是……;第伍个原因是……总的来说,……的首要缘由是由于……

Why______? The first reason is that ______。The second
reason is ______。The third is ______。For all this, the
main cause of ______due to ______。

八。不过,正如任何事物都有优劣七个地点同等,……也有它的不利的一派,象……

However, just like everything has both its good and bad sides,
______also has its own disadvantages, such as ______。

9。固然如此,作者深信不疑……更有利于。

Nonetheless, I believe that ______is more advantageous。

⑩。完全同意……那种意见(陈述),首要理由如下:

I fully agree with the statement that ______ because______。

101、结尾万能句子

1。至于本身,在某种程度上本身同意前面包车型地铁意见,作者以为……

As far as I am concerned, I agree with the latter opinion to some
extent.I think that ____。

二。一言以蔽之,整个社会应有仔细关怀……这么些题材。唯有这么,我们才能在以往……

In a word, the whole society should pay close attention to the problem
of ______。Only in this way can ______in the future。

3。不过,……和……都有它们分其他优势(好处)。例如,……,而……但是,把那贰者相相比,笔者更倾向于(喜欢)……

But ______and ______have their own advantages.For example,
_____, while_____。Comparing this with that, however, I
prefer to______。

4。就本身个人而言,小编深信不疑……,因而,作者坚信美好的将来正等着大家。因为……

Personally, I believe that_____。Consequently, I‘m confident that
a bright future is awaiting us because______。

5。随着社会的向上,……因而,急切必要……如若每种人都愿为社会进献自已的壹份力量,那个社会即将变得更好。

With the development of society, ______。So it“s urgent and
necessary to ____。If every member is willing to contribute himself
to the society, it will be better and better。

陆。至于本身(对自家的话,就自小编而言),作者觉着……更客观。只有那样,大家才能……

For my part, I think it reasonable to_____。Only in this way can
you _____。

七。对本身的话,小编以为有不可缺少……原因如下:第二,……;
第一,……;最终……但一样非同平常的是……

In my opinion, I think it necessary to____。The reasons are as
follows.First _____。Second ______。Last but not
least,______。

捌。在全体上很难说……是好仍然坏,因为它在不小程度上有赖于……的地势。然则,就自我个人而言,小编意识……

It is difficult to say whether _____is good or not in general as it
depends very much on the situation of______。However, from a
personal point of view find______。

玖。综上所述,大家得以知道地得出结论……

From what has been discussed above, we may reasonably arrive at the
conclusion that____。

拾。假设大家不选取有效的不二等秘书籍,就大概控制不了那种倾向,就会现出局地奇怪的不良后果,所以,大家理应做的是……

If we can not take useful means, we may not control this trend, and
some undesirable result may come out unexpectedly, so what we should do
is_____。

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