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考研必背的基础语法知识点,英语教师网

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  并列句和骨干复合句

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  并列句基本概念:

意国语简单句、并列句、复合句解析

  语法知识点一

  并列复合句是由多个或几个以上并列而又单独的简约句构成。七个简单句常由并列连接词连在一起;但偶尔并非连接词,只在多少个大概句之间用壹逗号或分公司。

2013-04-07 18:02阅读:7,627

  一.as…as.。。指点的可比级:(1)“as +形容词或副词原级+
as+被相比较对象”结构。例句: He studies as hard as you.
他像您同①学习努力。

  二、常见的并列句:

土耳其(Turkey)语简单句、并列句、复合句解析

  (二)在否定句或难题句中可用 not so…as…. 例句:He can not run so/as
fast as you. 他没你跑得快。

  (一) 用来连接多少个并列概念的连年词有and , not only…but also…,
neither…nor…等,and所连接的光景分句往往代表先后关系、递进关系。前后分句的时态往往保持1致关系,若首先个分句是祈使句,那么第二个分句用现在时。

总结句、并列句和复合句

  二.only教导的倒装句型:only +状语
(或状语从句)位于句首时,句子部分倒装。 

  (二) 表示在两者之间采用1个, 常用的连接词有or,otherwise,or
else,either…or…等,前后分句的时态往往保持1致关系,若首先个分句是祈使句,那么第1个分句用今后时。

考点一 简单句

  例句: Only by diligence and honesty can one succeed in life. 
唯有任劳任怨、正直,一人在生活中才能打响。 

  (3) 申明七个概念相互有冲突、相反或然转载,
常用的接连词有but,yet,still ,however等,前后分句时态壹致。

  1. 简单句只含有2个主谓结构.

  2. 各个简易句:

  注意:但 only修饰主语时,不倒装。例句: Only that girl knew how to
work out the problem.  唯有那位女子知道怎么样解这道题。

  (肆) 表达原委, 用连接词for ,前后分句时态1致。

1) 主+谓. He comes at last.

  三.wish指引的虚拟语气:wish
前边的从句,当代表与事实相反的场合,或表示今后不太或者达成的愿望时,其宾语从句的动词方式为: 

  (5) 表示结果,用一而再词so, 前后分句时态一致。

2) 主+系+表. She is a teacher.

  ⑴代表对现行气象的虚拟:从句动词用过去式或过去举行式表示,be
的千古式用were.   

  主从复合句

The soup tastes nice.

  I wish I knew the answer to the question.   
小编盼望知晓这一个难题的答案。(可惜不清楚。) 

  1、概念:

3) 主+谓+宾. They reached the village.

  ⑵代表对过去景况的虚构:从句动词用had +过去分词。 

  主从复合句由一个主句和贰个或3个以上的从句构成。主句为句子的关键性,从句只用作句子的1个次要成分,无法独立成为七个句子。从句平日由关联词指引,并由关联词将从句和主句联系在一起。如:While
the grandparents love the children, they are strict with
them.(外祖父外祖母们很爱儿女,同时对他们也严苛须求。) / It seemed as if the
meeting would never end.(看起来会议没完没了。) / Hurry up, or (else)
you’ll be late.(快点, 要不然就来不如了。) / However I cook eggs, the
child still refuses to eat
them.(不管作者用什么样方式煮鸭蛋,小孩仍旧不肯吃。)

4) 主+谓+间宾+直宾.He gave me a pen.

  I wish (that) I hadn’t wasted so much time. 
小编后悔不应该浪费这么多时间。( 实际桐月经浪费掉了。) 

  2、分类:

5) 主+谓+宾+宾补.I find that book very useful.

  ⑶代表对现在的无理愿望:谓语动词情势为“would/ should/ could/ might
+动词原形”。在那种场合下,主句的主语与从句的主语无法一如既往,因为主句的主语所希望的从句动作能或不可能落到实处,取决于从句主语的千姿百态或希望(非动作名词除却)
。 

  从句按其在复合句中的功用,分为主语从句、表语从句、宾语从句、定语从句和状语从句等。(参见以下各样)

考点二 并列句

  I wish it would stop raining.  但愿雨能甘休。 

  三、各从句在句子中的地点以及用法:

并称句:八个或三个以上的简约句,用连词连接起来。

  注意:若wish 后的宾语从句中用
would,能够象征请求,平时意味着说话人的非常慢或遗憾。

  (1)
表语从句:在句子中作连系动词的表语的从句,它位于主句中的系动词之后。

常用的连接词有:

  例句:I wish you would be quiet.  作者愿意您安然一些。 

  例如:That is why he did not come to school yesterday. / It is
because you are so clever.

  1. 意味着顺承关系的:and, not only…but also(不仅….而且….)等。

  四.it情势宾语:和it 作方式主语一样,  大家常用it 来作格局宾语,
把真正的宾语从句放在句末, 那种景况尤其出现在带复合宾语的句子中。

  (贰) 宾语从句:在句子中作及物动词或介词的宾语。

She ______ gave us a lot of advice, _______helped us to
overcome difficulties.

  例句:He has made it clear that he will not give in.
他评释他不会投降。 

  一中坚形式:(主句+)连词+从句主语+从句谓语+…

Linda tried to become an excellentteacher, _____ at last she
succeeded.

  5.The+比较级,the+比较级  表示“越….。。越….。。”。

  二 关于宾语从句连词的选料:

  1. 代表选拔涉及和否定条件的有or(依旧,不然)

  例句:The more scared we are, the stronger the difficulty will
become。大家越害怕艰难,困难就会变得越强大。

  若从句出自三个陈述句,那么,连词用that,在口语中that能够总结;

Do you want to leave now ____ would yourather set off later?

  语法知识点二

  若从句出自三个相似疑问句,连词则用if 或whether;

Wear your coat, ____ you’ll catch a cold.

  壹. 宾语从句:1般难题句做宾语,引进if或whether

  若从句出自二个与众不一样疑问句,则连词正是疑问词(如what,who,where,when等)

  1. 表示转会关系的有but, yet等。

  例句: I want to know if he will join us in the discussion?

  例如:They believe that the computer will finally take the place of
human beings.(他们相信总结机终将代替人类。) (从句本来正是陈述句)/ I
wonder whether I should say something for him to the headmaster.
(小编不晓得是否该为他在校长面前说点什么。) (从句出自一般问句Shall 伊萨y something for him to the headmaster?) / He asked me where he could
get such medicine. (他问作者在何地能搞到那么的药。)
(从句出自特殊问句Where can he get such medicine? )

He is young, but he works hard.就算他年轻,但工作努力。

  二. 缘由状语从句:since带领的

  3宾语从句的时态难点:借使主句是当今时,从句则用现时某一时半刻态,甚至足以用过去时;

  1. 意味着因果关系的有for, so 等。

  例句: Don’t eat too much sugar since it is bad for your health。

  如主句是病故时,从句则附和地动用过去某权且态,碰到客观真理时依旧用将来时。如:I
think I will do better in English this term.
(作者想本学期笔者的保加利亚语会学得好点。) / The teacher asked the boy if the
earth is round. (老师问这么些男孩地球是或不是圆的。)

My leg hurts so I go to see a doctor. 小编的腿疼,因而笔者去看医务卫生人士。

  三. 否定词前置倒装:scarcely…when。.

  4 下列结构前边的从句1般也作为宾语从句看待:

考试场点三 主从复合句:宾语从句

  例句: Scarcely had he arrived at home when it began to rain。

  be sorry / afraid / sure / glad +that从句,如:I’m sorry I’m late.
(对不起,笔者迟到了。) / I’m afraid he isn’t in at the moment.
(大概他此时不在家。)

  1. 宾语从句的指点词

  四. If虚拟条件句

  (三)
状语从句:在复合句中作状语,其地点能够在主句前或主句后。状语从句能够分成时间、地方、原因、目标、结果、相比、迁就、条件等两种。状语从句由从属连接词辅导。

(一)辅导 陈述句用 that(在口语和业余文娱体育中平时省略)

  从句 主句
跟现在事实相反 一般过去式(be用were) would/should/might/could +动原
跟过去事实相反 had+done would/should/might/could+have done
跟将来事实相反 should+动原;were to do sth would/should/might/could +动原

  时间状语从句经常由when ,as ,while, after, before, since, as soon as
,since, till (until), while, whenever
等指引。时间状语从句1般位于句首或句尾,尤其注意,时间状语从句差别意选拔将来时,而应该用现在时替代。如:
When you finish the work, you may go out to play with Sam.
(你完结工作就足以出去和吉姆一起玩了。) / I won’t leave until Mum comes
back. (老妈回来了自个儿才会走。)

He tells me (that ) he is going shopping thisSunday.

  五. 宾语从句:放在介词后边,作介词的宾语。

  地方状语从句常常由 where, wherever等教导。如:Go back where you came
from! (哪里来还滚到哪里去!) / I will never forget to catch the thief
who stole my necklace wherever he may be.
(小编永久也不会忘记去吸引那个偷笔者项链的贼,无论她会在何地。)

(贰) 指导一般难点句用if或whether.

  例句:I know nothing about him except that he used to work in
Shanghai。

  原因状语从句日常由because, since,
as等指点,壹般位于句首或句尾。如:He went abroad because his father had
found a good university for him.
(他出国了,因为他老爸给他找了1所好大学。)

She asked me if\ whether she could join us.(whether…or not)

  六.状语从句简单(分词作者状语):从句的主语和状语从句的主语一致,状从简单选择分词作者状语。例句:

  指标状语从句普通由so that…, so…hat…, in order that…
等教导,往往放在句尾,从句中数见不鲜含有can / could / may /
might等千姿百态动词。如:He got up earlier so that he could catch the first
train. (他出发更早为的是遇到第2班车。)

(三) 指导特殊疑问句,要用原来的很是疑问词。

  (Because) being short of money, we can’t afford a TV set. =Because
we are short of money, we can’t afford a TV set。

  结果状语从句普通由 so that…, so…that…
等引导,放在句尾。结果状语从句壹般代表早已发出的工作,故多为过去时态。如:He
lost so many bikes that he decided never to buy a new one.
(他丢了那么多辆车子,他操纵再也不买

She asked them what they were doing.

  语法知识点3

新车了。)

  1. 宾语从句的语序 :要用陈述句语序。

  一.并列句:由and, or , but连接的七个句子成为并列句。

  比较状语从句平时由as, than, as
(so)…as等辅导,1般差不多从句的谓语部分,只剩余人词或代词(用主格或宾格均可)。如:Jane
is much taller than I/me. (Jane比自个儿高多了。) / I don’t have as many
books as you (do). (小编书未有你多)

I want to know when the train left.

  二.省略句 /倒装:so/系动词/助动词/情态动词 +sb
表示“前者意况适用于后人”。例句:

  妥洽状语从句平时由though (although), as, even if( even though),
however, whatever等带领。如:伊芙n if you pay the debt(债务) for me, I
will not thank you because it has nothing to do with me.
(尽管你替本人还了债我也不会多谢你,因为它与小编毫无关系。) / He wears a
T-shirt though it is very cold. (他穿了1件T恤衫,固然天极冰冷。)

  1. 宾语从句的时态

  You are a student, so am I。

  条件状语从句普通由if, unless, as longas等教导,条件状语从句一般位于句首或句尾,尤其注意,时间状语从句不允许行使未来时,而应当用现时时替代。You
will certainly fail in the coming final exams unless you work much
harder. (即今后到的期末考试你势必考不如格,除非您更用心。) / If it doesn’
t rain tomorrow, we shall go hiking.
(如若前几日不降水大家就要去徒步旅行。)

(一)主句是形似今后时,一般以往时或祈使句,宾语从句可依照实际要求接纳各类时态。

  三.定语从句 who教导的限定性定从。例句:

  [注意]
一、because与so;(al)though与but;if与so无法同在一个句子中成对出现。

He tells us that he has been able to lookafter himself.

  Do you remember the girl who taught us English
?你还记得教大家克罗地亚共和国(Republika Hrvatska)语的很是女孩啊?

  二、时间、条件、原因,迁就状语从句放在句首时需求用逗号与主句隔开分离。

(2) 主句是病故时态,宾语从句应选用过去时的照应时态。

  伍.倒装:否定词seldom前移,句子倒装。例句:Seldom did he speak。

  (肆)
定语从句:在复合句中作定语用修饰句子中某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。

They said that they had already finished thework.

  4.宾语从句:whether的用法。例句:I wonder if/whether it is going to
rain tomorrow。

  1 定语从句的地方:放在名词或代词的前边。如:The man who has an
umbrella in his hand is my uncle. (手上抓了一把雨伞的人是笔者的父辈。)

(三)
假诺宾语从句叙述的是客观事实、真理、自然现象等,不管主句用如何时态,从句都用壹般以后时。

  伍.不定式做定语。例句:The only way to solve our problems will
continue to be rejected。

  ②语法术语的改动:被修饰的名词或代词称为先行词;指导定语从句的总是词称为关系词,当中that、which、who称为关联代词,where、when、how称为关系副词。

He said that light travels faster than sound.

  陆.原因状从:now that的用法。now that 表示 “既然”。与 since
的不相同之处在于,now that
引出的总得是一个新面世的真情或气象,要是依旧依然,和千古对待并不曾变化,则毫不
now that 指引。

  3 关系代词或提到副词的效益:

  1. 练习

  例句:Now that we have all the materials ready, we should begin the
new task at
once。既然大家把具备材质都准备好了,我们应有及时开端那项新的干活。

  关系代词who、whom
和whose指人,分别在从句中作主语、宾语和定语。which指物that多指物,
有时也指人,它们在从句中能够作主语或宾语。定语从句中提到代词作从句宾语时能够容易。This
is the thief (that/who/whom) we have been looking for these days.
(那么些正是大家近日径直在找的小偷。) / Please find a room which is big
enough for all of us to live in. (请找1间充裕大能住下大家整整的房间。)

一)Sheasked me, “威尔 you go to the cinema tomorrow?”
(改为含宾语从句的复合句)

  柒. 缘由状从:for的用法。由because
指导的从句假使放在句末,且前边有逗号,则足以用并列连词 for
来替代。但只要不是表明直接原因,而是二种情形再说估计,就只好用 for
。例句:He is absent today, because/for he is ill.
他今日没来,因为他生病了。

  关系副词when或where指导定语从句时,它们在从句中分头作时间状语和地址状语。如:This
is the room where they had a quarrel a week ago.
(那是一个礼拜前他们吵架的屋子。) / I can never forget the day when I
first saw you. (小编永远不会遗忘第壹次看到您的光景。)

She asked me______ I ______ go to the cinema the next day.

  八. 缘故状从:as 的用法。例句:The Singapore passengers begin to
decrease as other airlines spread their operating range。

  ④限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句。限制性定语从句在句中不能够大致,不然主句意思就不完整。非限制性定语从句和主句之间频仍用逗号分开,那种从句是壹种附加表明,若是从句子中节约,也不致于影响主句的意味。如:She
spent the whole evening talking about her latest book, which none of us
had heard of.
(她一个夜晚都在斟酌她方今的书,大家一位都未曾据书上说过这本书。)

2) Howlovely the dog is! Can you tell me _____?

  玖. 同位语从句:I want to know the answer to this question who will
be our next president。

  [注解]

A. where did you get it B.where will you get it C. where you got it

  原因状从: in that的用法。例句:

  一、关系代词只可以用that的气象:

3) — Can you tell me _____ your parents at home?

  Privatization is thought to be beneficial in that it promotes
competition. 合营化的亮点在于能拉动相互竞争。

  超越行词是指事物的骚乱代词(all,
anything等),或先行词部分含有最高级,或带有序数词时,不能够用其余的涉及代词,只好用that.
如:All that 莉莉 told me seems untrue. (Lily告诉小编的话就好像不真正。) /
Can you give me anything that has no sugar inside?
(能或不能给作者点里面未有糖的东西?) / This is the first two-story bus that
runs in our city. (那是第1辆运营于作者市的双层公共交通车。)

— I often wash clothes and sweepthe floor.

  十. 不定式:不定式做目的状语。例句:We get up very early to catch
the first bus。

  贰、关系代词在从句中作主语时壹般用who(指人)、that(指物),而不用that指人或用which指物。

A. how will you help B. how you help C. how will you help D. how do you
help

  小说来源:跨考教育[微博]

  如:Do you know the woman who is weeping in the corner?
(你认识那一个在角落里哭泣的农妇呢?) / Do not tell me any words that have
nothing to do with me. (跟小编无关的话,请三个字也绝不说。)

4) When I was young, my grandfather told me that the sun ______
(rise) inthe east.

  3、关系代词作者从句的宾语时,常用which或whom,较少使用that或who,而且,关系代词平日省略。

考试场点4 状语从句

  如:汤姆’s father was the first parent whom our teacher talked to.
(汤姆的父亲是大家教育工小编先是个出口的人。)

1、状语从句在复合句中作状语,修饰主句中的动词、形容词、副词等。

  四、当提到代词紧跟在介词前边时,必须用which或whom,而当介词移到句尾时,则又有啥不可选用that或who.

一.地点状语从句

  如:This is the room in which Miss Li once lived. (= This is the
room Miss Li once lived in.) (那是李小姐曾经居住过的房间。)

地点状语从句平常由 where 教导。

  (5)
主语从句:在句子中充当句子主语的从句叫主语从句。位于谓语动词在此之前。日常由that,whether以及难题连词引导。1般景色下,常用it替代主语从句,而将主语从句移到句尾。如:When
we should start is still a question.
(大家该在怎么样时候初步如故个难点吗。)

Put allthe things _____they were.

  直接引语和直接引语

A. whereB. when C. whose D. which

  一、间接引语和直接引语:在陈述句中,直接引用说话人原来的语句,称为直接引语。在挥洒时,直接引语用引号。用自个儿的用语来转述表达原来说话人说的始末,称为直接引语。

二.时日状语从句(主句用以往时,从句用一般未来时)

  2、直接引语改变为直接引语:

时间状语从句的指导词有when, before, after, until, assoon as, since,
while, as 等

  一、直接引语借使是陈述句,变为直接引语时应留神以下各点:

She wascooking when someone knock at the door.

  壹不用引号,而用连续词that,但有时候可总结。

What willyou do after you finished your homework?

  贰人叫作相应变更;

3.尺码状语从句

  3主句里的动词假使是过去时,直接引语中的时态一般应作相应改变:
1般未来时变一般过去时;一般现在时变过去年今年后时;今后实行时变过去进行时;今后完成时变成过去达成时;1般过去时改为过去实现时;但一般过去时如与三个有血有肉的过去时间连用,则时态不变。

在标准状语从句中,常用的指导词有if, unless等。

  如:He says,”I am not from the USA.”→He says that he is not from the
USA.

If itdosen’t rain, I” ll go fishing.

  Mr Smith said to his girl friend,“ I haven’ t seen you for a long
time.”

They willhave a picnic unless it rains next Sunday.

  →Mr Smith said to his girl friend that he had not seen her for a
long time.

4.原因状语从句

  二、直接引语若是是一般疑问句,变为直接引语时,需用从属连接词whether或if指引,词序要转移。如:Lin
Tao said to Miss 格林, “Is it made in China?” →Lin Tao asked Miss Greenif it was made in China.

缘由状语从句常用的指点词有because, as, since(既然)等

  叁、直接引语若是是异样疑问句,变为间接引语时,需用疑问词辅导,词序是:连词+主语+谓语。

He didn’tcome because he was ill.

  如:Lucy said to me, “How can I help?” →Lucy asked me how she could
help.

Since weare students, we should study hard.

  4、直接引语如是祈使句,变直接引语时,须将祈使句变为动词不定式,并在动词不定式前用tell,
ask, order. 如:He said to the little boy,“ Come here, young man! ”

*Because 和so 不能够在八个句子中还要选择。

  →He asked the little boy to go there.

  1. 结果状语从句

  伍、直接引语变为间接引语时,提示代词以及代表时间和地点的词或词组应作相应变更

结果状语从句首要由so…that…, such…that…指引。

  倒装句: 谓语的一局部照旧全体身处主语从前的语句称为倒装句。

It’s sohot that we want to go swimming.

  壹、THERE BE句型以及以here、there开始的语句。如: There are a lot of
children in the showroom. (在展览室里有为数不少的少儿。)/ Here comes the
bus. (公共交通车来了。) / There goes the bell. (铃响了。) / The door opened
and in came Mr Lee. (门开了,李先生走了进去。)

That’ssuch an interesting story that everybody likes it.

  二、用“So / Nor / Neither + 助动词 +
主语”倒装结构意味着第一位物的状态与上文的人选意况亦然。如:汤姆 went to
the beach last week, and, so did I. (汤姆上个星期去了海滩,笔者也是。) / Li
Mei’s bought nothing from the shop. Neither has 吉姆.
(李梅未有在店里买哪些,吉米也未有买。)

*So… that…与简短句之间的句型转换

  3、在疑难句中,平常选取在主语在此之前放置助动词的倒装方法,对主语提问除此而外。如:How
did he find the lost book? (他是什么样找到丢失的书的?) / Where are they
going to spend the summer vacation? (他们打算到哪儿过暑假?)

一) that后的语句是或不是定句,常用too…to进行转移。

  四、惊叹句中国和日本常将被感叹的片段前移,而将句子的主谓语全部前置。
如:What a beautiful flower (it is)! (这是多杰出的花!)

He is soyoung that he can’t go to school.à he is too young to go to
school.

  五、有引号引用某人的原话时,引号外面包车型客车主谓一般选取倒装方式放在句尾,可是,若主语是代词则不倒装。如:“What
on earth are you doing up there?” said the father.
(老爸说:“你在上方到底为何?”) / “What on earth are you doing up
there?”he said. (他说:“你在上头到底怎么?”)

二) that后的句子是肯定句。常用enough to 实行更换。

  附加注释

The shirtwas so cheap that he bought it. à the shirt was cheap enough
forhim to buy.

  die、dead、death的用法:die是动词,能够独自做谓语,有各个时态变化,也得以改为非谓语方式作句子的别的元素;dead是形容词,作句子的定语、表语或宾语补足语;death是名词,作句子的主语、宾语等。如:I’m
going to die! (作者要死了!) / The man has been dead for about three
months. (那个人死了6个月左右。) / He is worried to death.
(他急得要死。)

6.指标状语从句

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目的状语从句常用的辅导词有so that, in order that 等àin order to 不难句

  尤其表达:由于各方面意况的继续不停调整与转变,知乎网所提供的保有考试消息仅供参考,敬请考生以权威部门揭橥的正式音讯为准。

Pleasesay it in a loud voice so that everyone can hear it.

He worksharder in order that he can go to a good college.

  1. 低头状语从句

指点词有though, although, even if, even though(固然)等。

He oftenhelps others though\ although he is not rich.

They willstand by you even if you don’t succeed.

*Though, although与but 无法而且出现在二个句子中

八.相比状语从句

相比较状语从句由than, as…as…, not as\so… as等引导。(比较级)

He ismore outgoing than I.

He ran asfast as Mike.

二、练习

  1. It’squite common in Britain to say “thankyou”tothe drivers _____
    people getoff the bus.

a.after b. since c. until d. when

  1. Theart club is for members only. You can’t go in ____you are a
    member.

a.unless b. because c. if d. though

  1. Nowmany parents send their children to foreign countries, _____
    they want them toget a better education.

a.until b. though c. because

  1. —-What would some students like to do after finishing their
    education?

—- They would like to start towork_______ they needn’t depend
on their parents completely.

a. assoon as b. so that c. before d. while

考试场点5 定语从句

修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。被定语从句修饰的词叫先行词,引导定语从句的词叫关系词(关系代词和涉及副词)。

一.关乎代词的核心用法

作主语

作宾语

作定语

指人

who\that

who\whom\that\省略

whose

指物

which\that

which\that\省略

whose

The man __________spokeat the meeting is from Hong Kong.
(指人作主语)

Thebuilding ___________is being built will be used as a
hospital.(指物作主语)

I visiteda scientist _______ name is known all over the world.
(指人作定语)

  1. 关系代词特殊用法

(壹)当提到代词在从句中作主语时,从句的谓语动词要与先行词保持一致。

He is oneof the boys who ______ (like) playing football.

He is theonly one of the boys who________ (like) playing
football.

(贰) 日常以下两种意况涉及代词只能用that而不能够用which.

一) 先行词为all, much, something, everything, nothing,little, none, the
one 等不定代词时

2)先行词被形容词最高级修饰时。

三)超越行词被the only, the very, the just等修饰时。

肆)先行词中既有人又有物时。

  1. 论及副词的骨干用法。

壹) when 在句中作状语,表示时间。

二) where 在句中作状语,表示地点。.

3) why 在句中作状语,表示原因。

Heremembers the day _______ he joined the League.

This isthe reason_______ he is late today.

This isthe place _______ Lu Xun was born.

练习

一、用括号内所给的动词的伏贴格局填空。

  1. Mrs.Wang said that she ______(buy) a new car the next day.

  2. OurEnglish teacher told us that Christmas ________(be) on
    December 25.

  3. I’lltell you as soon as Kate ______(come) here.

  4. Couldyou tell me when your father ______(go) to New York? When
    he ______(go) there,we’llsee him off.

  5. Homewith Kids is one of the TV sitcoms that _______(make) us
    laugh again and again.

2、单项选用

  1. Couldyou please keep the windows______? It’s so hot in the
    room.

a. open b. opens c. opened d. opening

  1. Workhard, _____ you’ll fall behind your classmates.

a. and b. but c. or d. so

  1. Benasked me ______ I had read the news in today’s newspaper.

a. that b. if c. what d. when

  1. —-Can you tell me _____?

—- Of course. He comes from Japan.

a. where does he come from b. where is he from

c. where he comes from d. where he wants to go

  1. Cathylikes comedies, _____ they’re very funny.

a. if b. so c. because d. until

  1. Hisbrother has been to Stone Forest twice_____ he came to
    Yunnan.

a. after b. before c. since d. for

  1. Theypiled the snow in one place ______ the children could make
    a snowman.

a. so that b. when c. because d. until

  1. —-Iwon’t go to the party tomorrow.

—-_____ you told me you would. What’shappening?

a. But b. So c. And d. Or

  1. Mr.Brown knows little Japanese, ______ he can’t understand the
    instructions on thebottle of the pills.

a. so b. or c. but d. for

  1. Youwill be late ____ you hurry up.

a. after b. when c. unless d. if

  1. Somepeople like to play mahjong, ____ others don’t.

a. when b. while c. as d. since

  1. ____he is young, ____ he knows several languages.

a. Though, but b. Because, so c. Though, \ d. Because,\

  1. Thisis the most interesting book____ I’ve read before.

a. that b. which c. who d. a&b

  1. Thisis the room in ____Chairman Mao lived.

a. that b. which c.who d. whom

15.August 1. 1927 was the day ____ the PLA was founded.

a. that b. which c. where d. when

  1. I like the place ____ I canhave a good time.

a. that b. which c. whered. when

叁、写出下列句子的同义词,每空一词。

  1. The foreigners want to know howthey can learn Chinese kung fu well.

Theforeigners want to know ______ ______ learn Chinese kung
fu well.

  1. When does the train leave? I want toknow.

I want to know ________the train _________

  1. “Do you want to try somethingnew?” Tom’s mother asked him.

Tom’ mother asked him_____________ _______ to try
something new.

  1. You must be quick. If not, you’llmiss the early bus.

________ quick , ______ you willmiss the early bus.

  1. Jim’s mother let him watch TVafter he finished his homework.

Jim’s mother________ let him watchTV_______ he finished
his homework.

  1. You shouldn’t tell him your address, Ithink.

I ________ think you ______ tell him youraddress.

  1. He ran so fast that we couldn’t catch upwith him.

He ran ____ fast ______ _____________ catch up
with.

  1. This shirt was so cheap that becould buy it.

This shirt was _____ _______ ________
_______________ buy.

  1. He worked hard so that he couldmake more money.

He worked hard______ _______ ______ make moremoney.

  1. Because it snowed heavily, thetraffic had to stop.

The traffic had to stop ______ _______ the_______
snow.

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